Research Archive

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This archive contains all research published by the Army Press Online Journal, in chronological order of publication.




Featured Essays 29 July – 11 Aug

Future Technology, Impending Security Threats

As we prepare to deal with terrorism and the rise of non-state actors, we need to understand the double-edged sword of rapid technological advancement. Lt. Col. Nolan outlines trends and risks.

Attritional War: The Neglected Phase of Modern Warfare

Having lost three modern wars due to inability to categorize and understand the phase of war that begins after conventional war is over, it is imperative that we remedy this. Thomas Neely argues that our conventional wars spin into attritional war, and attritional war cannot be won.

Past Publications

Understanding Organizational Climate and Culture July 2016

Organizations strive to solve problems and manage internal anxiety. Understanding how these challenges are affected by leader choices and collective understanding of why and how we do what we do provides leaders more options for overcoming internal stressors and meeting organizational goals. Carey Walker and Matthew Bonnot analyze organizational climate and culture in easy to understand and practical terms.

The Warrior Way for Building Partnerships July 2016

As the U.S. continues to prioritize partnerships, it is important for those in the Army to discuss best practices for making the most out of working with other military entities. Lt. Col. Archambault covers principles for partnership at the unit level.

Mission Command: Evoluation of a WfF Applied to Recruiting Operations June 2016

Recruiting Command suffers a range of organizational issues as it strives to meet its commander’s intent. Sgt. 1st Class Alex Joy and Cpt. Joseph Harmon explain how mission command can be used to improve recruiting efforts.

Assessing the Decisive Action Fight June 2016

As the Army transitions away from COIN and continues training for the decisive action fight, assessment processes must follow suit. Currently, adapting the assessment procedure is not where it needs to be. Colonel Roach and Major White address some of the key issues.

Ukraine’s Battle at Ilovaisk, August 2014: The Tyranny of Means  June 2016

Maj. Michael Cohen sifts through the various, conflicting information on Ukraine’s military, militia, and government to paint a clearer picture of how, exactly, Urkraine directly contributed to the destruction at Ilovaisk.

How Do We Deal with Russia?: The Status Quo and a Strategically Pragmatic Approach Forward June 2016

As NATO prepares for its 2016 Summit, the U.S. needs to carefully consider their way forward in dealing with Russia. Lt. Col. Robinson outlines priorities and key factors to ensure practical trumps paranoia in strategic planning.

Digital Natives, Media, and Learning: Implications for the Future of Army Training May 2016

As the Army undergoes a generational shift, educators and trainers need to give greater attention to the digital capabilities of soldiers. Whatever their capability, what is most important is recognizing that learning is interactive and social in nature. Digital tools should be used to enhance knowledge building. Dr. Liston Bailey argues for a cultural shift in the way that training is conducted.

The Reality and Myths of Distance Learning May 2016

Despite the rampant resistance to distance learning being an effective teaching method, it continues to exist and gain traction. Lt. Col (R) Judy lays out, in objective, straightforward terms, the good, the bad, and the ugly of distance learning, in order to show it is going to be the most effective method of ensuring quality education across the Force.

“Führen mit Auftrag”– Mission Command from a German Point of View May 2016

Mission command has continued to evolve in German military doctrine, particularly the doctrinal concept of “Innere Fuehrung.” Lt. Col. Jens Küster, German Army, explores the differences in evolution of the concept in U.S. and German doctrine, in order to highlight salient features for U.S. military professionals to address as the concept continues to evolve in ADP 6-0.

Bureaucracy and Mission Command: Reform the Army Personnel System to Embrace Mission Command  May 2016

As the Army works to further integrate Mission Command into its way of doing business, Maj. Bolton & Cpt. Merkler note that a top priority is reforming the personnel system. Talent management is fundamental to maintaining a strong fighting force.

Periodic Financial Assessment Apr 2016

Current Army systems that work with Soldiers and their finances don’t really solve the underlying problems. Soldiers continue to amass unhealthy debt. Maj. Karl Ludeman explains what is broken and provides a workable solution.

Corbett and Air Sea Battle: How the Joint Force can Maintain Access using the “Fleet in Being” Concept Apr 2016

In order to protect American and allied interests, we need to maintain access tot the global commons. This has been true, and will continue to be so.

A Better Approach to Developing Leaders Apr 2016

Develops others routinely received the lowest ratings in CASAL surveys. Matthew Bonnot and Carey Walker give a straightforward breakdown of what is broken with leader development in the Army, and actionable steps on how to resolve the issue.

CGSOC at a Distance Apr 2016

Many believe that non-residential CGSOC can’t hold a candle to learning on post in Fort Leavenworth. David Pierson breaks down this assumption.

 A New Theory to Avoid Operational Level Stagnation  Apr 2016

Changes to the operational environment are not always properly accounted for, particularly after tactical success. Maj. James Stultz and Lt. Col. Michael Buchanan and offer new insights into effectively dealing with the rapidly changing operational environment of modern warfare.

Incorporating Law of Armed Conflict Training into Afghanistan’s Special Forces’ Curriculum Apr 2016

One of the U.S. Army’s greatest assets is international law. Maj. Rob Williamson and Lt. Col. Todd Burkhardt discuss some recent history of working with Afghan National Army Special Operations Command towards their development as a professional fighting force. Showing citizens a commitment to their security and well-being helps win the peace. Read this article for an account of the importance and training in the domain of international law in working with partner nations.

How to Win A Counterinsurgency Campaign  Mar 2016

Counterinsurgency success might need to be defined as “managing the condition.” Michael J. Gurney outlines how to think through designing and assessing a counterinsurgency campaign.

German Mission Orders — Their Doctrinal and Operational Development from 1866-1940 and Mission Order Combat Illustrations From the 1870-71, 1914-18, and 1929-1945 Wars Mar 2016

Mission Command has its origins in German military thinking. David Shunk outlines key historical moments; read to gain insight into MC’s historical and philosophical origins, the better to think through how to implement Mission Command in all things Army.

Mission Command has its origins in German military thinking. David Shunk outlines key historical moments, read to gain insight into how to best implement Mission Command in all things Army – See more at:

Mission Command in Education Mar 2016

Paul Sanders (U.S. Army, retired) explains how the adult education theory Andragogik as applied in Army Distance Education programs provides students with the foundations of 6 principles of Mission Command

The 131A Talent Management Gap: An Example of Re-thinking Promotion and Assignment Structure Mar 2016

CW3 Crifasi explores how to re-organize the promotion and assignment process for Field Artillery Warrant Officers. A good read for any officer for thinking through holes and gaps in the talent management system.

The Collapse of the Iraqi Army’s Will to Fight: A Lack of Motivation, Training, or Force Generation?  Feb 2016

Maj. Adam Scher breaks down the limits of conventional wisdom blinding us from understanding the Iraqi Army’s collapse in 2014 in order to provide a foundation for ensuring a similar disaster does not happen again.

The Army’s Mobility Solution to the Joint Forcible Entry Problem  Feb 2016

Capt. Kyle Wolfley examines the issue of airborne forces successfully assaulting A2/AD environments. He argues that “the Light Tactical All Terrain Vehicle offers the Joint Force the ability to conduct an operational envelopment, avoid the enemy’s principle air defenses, and seize ground objectives.”

Realigning the Army’s Ethical Compass Feb 2016

The Army continues to re-evaluate its ethical boundaries. Col. Siegl reminds us that many of our decisions are not consciously made, and explores how that plays out in the domain of Army ethics.

The Challenge of the Paradoxical Vision: Innovating Where No Solution Seems Possible Feb 2016

When leadership has a goal–a plan, a vision–in mind, it runs into inherent difficulties between opposing forces such as control/flexibility, continuity/change, and individual/collect. Professors Galvin and Allen explore these paradoxes in terms of fostering innovation in the Army. (Profs Galvin & Allen)

Measuring the Immeasurable: Assessing the Effectiveness of Engineering Civic Assistance Projects Jan 2016

The Army has a long history of helping the infrastructure of underdeveloped regions. What we need is to improve our assessment of these programs. (Maj. Orlando Craig)

Security Force Assistance and the Concept of Sustainable Training as a Role for the U.S. Military in Today’s World Jan 2016

We must have sustainable training programs for our work with partner nations. Here are some lessons learned from the Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa. (Maj. Adam Brady and Capt. Satchell)

Atrocity Prevention and Response During Armed Conflict: Closing the Capability Gap Jan 2016

Atrocity crimes happen most frequently during armed conflict, and we need to re-organize better minimize such unnecessary deaths. (Maj. Atkins, Jan 2016)

Overlooked Implementation Issues with Autonomous Operations Jan 2016

Maj. Bruck argues that we still haven’t fully figured out how to handle accountability for when Army robots break or make mistakes.

The Human Dimension and the Future of Unit-Level Leader Development Dec 2015

Leadership development has been undermined by the training model. It is time to explore changes in the wake of the new Officer Evaluation Report. (Capt. Perkins)

Adapting the Army to Win Decisively in Megacities Dec 2015

To conduct expeditionary urban operations within the megacity operational environment (OE), the Army must make the following organizational changes: first, create urban engagement teams (UETs); and second, redesign the reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition (RSTA) squadrons. (Capt. Hartrich)

Integrating a Tactical-level Staff into an Operational-level Headquarters Dec 2015

Maj. Brady (US Army) and Lt. Cmdr. Powell (US Navy) examine the integration of Task Force Steel Tiger into Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA). They explore lessons learned for successful integration of a tactical battalion into an operational or strategic-level joint task force.

Leader Presence in Future Wars Nov 2015

Capt. Terry calls for open dialogue on leadership values and culture, and the impact of leadership style on warfare as it changes in the future. He draws attention to key elements of leadership concepts as a starting point for this discussion.

Building the New NCO Professional Nov 2015

Dr. Bailey explains major changes to the NCO training system, how they are vital to future success, and the goals of the new education process as a new emphasis is placed on knowledge and skills.

Complexities of Cultural Identity in Urban Future Operating Environment Nov 2015

Maj. Scott LeBlanc (Canadian Army) gives insight into how identity will impact conflict in urban spaces. megacities are growing, they are a mosaic of cultures. the army needs to be ready.

Terrorism Gone Viral: the burgeoning media war between ISIS and the U.S. Nov 2015

Capt. Kevin Sandell overviews recent developments in the media war & looks to what the U.S. needs to do to be successful.




Army Press Online Journal is published bi-monthly by The Army Press to provide cutting edge content on topics related to the Army and national defense. The views expressed belong to their authors, and do not necessarily represent the official view of the Army, or any other official institutions.